They are abandoned. They do not get a chance to step in a school. They are left to fend for themselves on the streets. They suffer from many forms of violence. They      do not have access to even primary healthcare.

They are subjected to cruel and inhumane treatments every day. They are children – innocent, young and beautiful – who are deprived of their rights.


CHILD RIGHTS

Right to Survival:
      a) Right to be born
      b) Right to minimum standards of food, shelter and clothing
      c) Right to live with dignity
   d) Right to health care, to safe drinking water, nutritious food, a clean and safe environment, and           information to help them stay healthy

Right to Protection:
      a) Right to be protected from all sorts of violence
      b) Right to be protected from neglect
      c) Right to be protected from physical and sexual abuse
      d) Right to be protected from dangerous drugs

Right to Participation:
      a) Right to freedom of opinion
      b) Right to freedom of expression
      c) Right to freedom of association
      d) Right to information
      e) Right to participate in any decision making that involves him/her directly or indirectly

Right to Development:
      a) Right to education
      b) Right to learn
      c) Right to relax and play
      d) Right to all forms of development – emotional, mental and physical


UNDER PRIVILEGED CHILDREN IN INDIA

Children constitute over one-third of India’s population of 1.21 billion people, which means India is home to 400 million children.

Every sixth child in the world lives in India (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation- MoSPI, 2012)

India has 10.12 million child labourers aged between 5 to 14 years (National Census 2011)

An estimated 11.6 lakh children die every year within one year of their birth due to lack of immunisation. (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India)

Vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) are still responsible for over 5 lakh deaths annually in India.

As per Coverage Evaluation Survey (CES-2009), 61% of children aged 12-23 months in the country are Fully Immunized with all vaccines. Nearly 8% children in the same age group did not receive a single vaccine in 2009.

A slight gender differential noted, with 62% of the male children having received full immunization, as against 60% of females (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI), 2012

Roughly 50% of all working children are girls (data from government reports)

Out of the 400 million children in India, every second child is malnourished (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS, 2005-06)

In India the child sex ratio is at the lowest it has ever been with just 914 girls for every 1000 boys (Census, 2011)

Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India continues to be high at 212 per 100,000 live births (Sample Registration System - SRS, 2011)

Girls in India have 61% higher mortality than boys at age 1-4 years (National Family Health Survey III - NFHS)

In India 22% babies are born with low birth weight (National Family Health Survey III - NFHS)

In India about 55% of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes children under 3 years of age are underweight compared to about 37% of children from the general population of 400 million children (National Family Health Survey III - NFHS)

The Under-5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) in India is 88.1% for Schedule Caste and 95.7% for Schedule Tribe children, against the national average of 59.2% (National Family Health Survey III - NFHS)

In India 47 out of every 1000 live births do not complete their first year of life ((Sample Registration System - SRS, 2011)

79% children of the 400 million in India (6-35 months) are anaemic (National Family Health Survey III - NFHS)

56% adolescent girls (15-19 years) in India are anaemic, as against 30% adolescent boys (National Family Health Survey III - NFHS)

Only 54% children of the 400 million in India receive full immunization (District Level Household & Facility Survey III - DLHI, 2007-08)

Over 25% increase in child murders is noted since 2000 in India (National Crime Records Bureau - NCRB, 2011)

The Net Enrollment Ratio (NER) at the Upper Primary Elementary Level in government schools in India is only 58.3% (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation - MoSPI, 2012)

Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) at the Secondary Level in government schools in India is below 50% (District Information System for Education - DISE, 2011-12)

About 35% children in India with disabilities remain out of Elementary school (District Information System for Education - DISE, 2011-12)

School dropout rate amongst adolescent girls in India is as high as 63.5% (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation - MoSPI, 2012)

Nearly 45% girls In India get married before the age of eighteen years (National Family Health Survey III - NFHS)

The statistics affirm that children are accorded a low priority in national policy and governance decisions.